Ethics & Policy

Guidelines and Ethical Obligations for Authors

  • The author shall present an accurate and complete account of research performed. The author should have conducted the research leading to the paper, in accordance with the generally accepted ethical standards.
  • The corresponding author shall have obtained the approval of all co-authors of the paper before submission.
  • Ghost authorship and Gift authorship are not allowed.
  • The material submitted in the form of the paper shall be original.
  • Paper-based on prior research work shall be honestly attributed.
  • The manuscript shall contain figures or materials copied from other sources with proper written permission for such use.
  • The author shall find and cite the original publications that have presented similar work.
  • The author shall not make a personal reference to an earlier author.
  • The author has the ethical obligation to notify the editor, should any of the statements to the above list cease to be true.

Guidelines and Ethical Obligations for Peer Reviewers

  • The peer reviewer should agree to review manuscripts for which they have the subject expertise.
  • The peer reviewer should respect the confidentiality of peer review and should not reveal any details of the manuscript or its review.
  • The peer reviewer should not use the information from the paper for personal gains.
  • The peer reviewer should disclose all potential conflicts of interests (Personal, Professional, and Financial) to the editor.
  • The peer reviewer should not allow his views to be influenced by the origins of a manuscript; by nationality, religion, political belief, gender, or other characteristics of the author.
  • The peer reviewer shall be objective and constructive in his views and avoid derogatory remarks in reviews.
  • The peer reviewer shall ensure meticulous timeliness in forwarding the review to the editor.
  • The peer reviewer should keep all manuscripts and review details confidential.